RECLAMATION AND UTILIZATION
development" The is a broad sector of activity which can be grouped in to the
Land-leveling and On-farm development works.
Reclamation and Soil- Improvement.
Fodder -development and pasture- land management.
Soil and water conservation.
Watershed - development etc.
several types of land development activities like improvement of soil. Harvesting of run
off water, land treatment, soil conservation, reclamation, inter-bound management of land,
alternative land-use systems, bench tracing, Gully plugging, integrated land development
etc. Relevant data are given hereunder
||Area (in Ha.)
|Total land Area
(used for non-agricultural purposes)
sown More than one
never a problem in this district as the rainfall was so distributed throughout the year
that large-scale irrigation projects seemed unnecessary. Besides, the district was well
provided with means of irrigation.
Means of Irrigation
The means of
irrigation consist of canals, lift irrigation, well, tubewells, tanks and lakes besides
minor irrigation works. A brief account of different means of irrigation follows.
Irrigation,Wells,Tube-wells and Tank and lakes.
statement shows the extent of area (in hectares ) irrigated from different sources.
irr. from well
||Area irrigated from
farmers minor irrigation works have been introduced in the district. Irrigation is by far
the main consumer of water-resources. The development of irrigation has received attention
since long and concerted efforts have been made to develop irrigation especially through
minor irrigation schemes. There has been a significant step up in the development of
ground water due to availability of ground water as a source of assured irrigation,
extension of electric power to villages, increases availability of diesel and diesel
engines and fast development of cooperative credit for minor irrigation etc. With more and
more area coming under irrigation, there has been a steady increase in the intensity of
cropping, as well as in the intensity of irrigated cropping.
irrigation potential can be defined as the area that can be brought under irrigation by
combined usage of ground water and surface water. As per the latest data available, only
222000 Ha Approx. would be covered under irrigation, out of net cultivated area 336000 Ha.
Approx. , thus, leaving a wide gap to be filled in the over years.
Soils and Crops
In the southern tahsil of
Harriya and Basti the prevailing form of soil is loam, while in the north the area of clay
approximates a extend to that of loam. The main variety of soils in the district are the
loamy of dumat, the clayey or matar and the sandy Sandy soil is found along the high banks
of river Ghaghra.
Soils of the district are
generally calcareous and similar to the alluvial soils, the present material of which is,
in general, calcareous and the native vegetation consists of shrubs and low grasses. As
regards fertility, the district Basti is grouped under the medium category.
Considering the physical
condition of the district is it is only natural to find that the Kharif harvest largely
exceeds the Rabi in extent. The Zaid or extra harvest is usually unimportant and
seldom covers large area.The climate and soil of the district are suitable for the growth
of nearly all the crops which are grown in other parts of the State. Principal Kharif
Crops are Sugar-cane, Maize, Paddy and Pulses and principal crops of Rabi are
wheat, Barley,Gram, Peas, Lahi, and Potato.
Sant Kabir Nagar district
continues to predominantly agriculture-based and this base has been further activised
after launching of special production programmes.
OCCUPIED BY MAJOR CROPS ARE APPROXIMATELY
LEVEL OF MAIN CROPS RECENTLY ESTIMATED
in Metric Tones
(QUINTAL PER HA.) WAS ESTIMATED
|Total fertilizer used
|Kirshi Utpadan Mandi
Progress of Scientific
Improved and scientific
method of growing various crops like wheat, Barley, Paddy, Sugar-cane were popularised the
farmers used crop rotation inorganic fertilizers including organic which has increased
agricultural production to multi foods the per hectare of average yield of rice in 1971
was 7.16 Quintals where as it is 11.22 Quintals now.
Animal Husbandry comprises following
Goat and Piggery Development
Duck/Quail and Rabbit raring
The animal Population of the district is as
|Male over three years
|Female over three
|Calves and heifers
available information network of veterinary hospitals/A.I. centres are as under:-
number of veterinary
veterinary service centres
provide rich food for health, additional income and job opportunities to a large number of
rural population in the shortest possible time. At the national level, egg and broiler
production registered a compound growth rate of 7.3 % and 18 % respectively during the 7th
& 8th five year plan.
The Goat is a
versatile animal which is also called as "Poor man's cow" in India and as 'wet
nurse' in Europe. The goat can be kept with little expense. goat milk is thus, cheap and
wholesome/nutritious, which is best suited to infants, pregnant women and the sick people.
The Pig is maintained generally for the production of pork. Pig also convert
inedible feeds forages, certain gain by products, meat-by products, garbage etc. into
valuable nutritious meat. The faces of pigs are also useful in maintaining soil fertility.
They grow fast and are a prolific breeder, furrowing 10 to 12 piglets at a time. Since
about 76% of the farmers in the district are small and marginal farmers, there exists
great potential for goat/piggery development, provided sufficient extension work is
of the district are considerable value and importance. Fish of almost all the varieties
that occur elsewhere in the State are to be found in the rivers, ponds and lakes and form
a favourite article of diet with most classes of the population.
fisheries are irrelevant to the topography of the district. Inland fisheries have immense
scope for development, and play an important role in the economy of the district. It helps
in augmenting food -supply, generating employment, raising nutritional level and earning
sizeable income. If developed properly, it may earn foreign exchange as well, besides
improving socio-economic conditions of the traditional fishermen. Inland or Fresh water
fisheries can be divided into capture fisheries and culture fisheries. Capture fisheries
can further be divided into two categories viz. "Riverine fishery" and
"Reservoir fishery" Both have good scope for
population of tractors in the district is about 845. Other data on mechanisation is as
the year 1993)
|Improved plough &
crops are not being raised in the district. Horticulture crops are location specific. They
require a certain type of climate and soil. This sector may be divided into following
1. Fruit crops
2. Vegetable crops
4. Others (Mushroom cultivation, Sericulture and Nurseries etc.)
conditions & topography of the district is provides good potential for undertaking
various horticulture activities. A number of farmers may be inspired to grow Banana,
Mango, Guava and Aonla. There are five cold storage and good number of processing units in